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Home > Philosophy > Course Resources > Index of Passages and Vocabulary

Index of Passages and Vocabulary

Links to passages

Aristotle poses the question: How is happiness acquired?

Aristotle’s definition of virtue

Martin Luther King’s “an unjust law”

Martin Luther King’s “difference made legal”

Mill’s harm principle

Mill’s utility interpreted in light of humanity’s “progressive being”

Plato’s definition of courage

Plato’s definition of justice

Plato’s definition of temperance

Plato’s definition of wisdom

Plato’s articulation of might-makes-right

Plato’s articulation of the challenge to justice

Socrates’ daemon/voice

Socrates identifies with Apollo

Socrates on death

Socrates on “obedience to god”

Socrates on the examined life

Some Vocabulary

Ad hoc

Ad hominem

Ambiguity

Appeal to authority

Argument by analogy

Begging the question

Burden of proof

Conditional statement

Equivocation (in argument)

Equivocal term

Fallacy vs. falsehood

False dilemma

Infer vs. imply

Imagine vs. conceive

Logical

Meaningless

Necessary and sufficient conditions

Proposition vs. concept

Reductio ad absurdum

Refuting vs. proving

Soundness (of arguments)

Thought-experiments

Thought vs. thing

Vagueness

Validity (of arguments)

Validity vs. truth

Foreign words and abbreviations

E.g.

I.e.

Viz.

Cf.

A fortiori

Ceteris paribus

De facto

Erzatz

Ipso facto

Non-sequitur

Pace

Per se

Prima facie

Simpliciter

Sui generis

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